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Continuing to Improve a Self-Hosted WordPress Blog

Continuing to Improve a Self-Hosted WordPress Blog

Last month, I took action to correct the ultra-slow loading time of my blog.  I cleaned up the site and used a few plugins to improve the performance.  I went from a “D” score to a middle “B” according to Google’s PageSpeed Insights.  Most importantly, the load time according to Pingdom went from 13.6 seconds to 0.914 seconds. This is a huge improvement, and I am delighted by the results.  I covered the steps I went through in my March 25th post.

Note:  I am not affiliated or compensated in any way by any company or service listed or linked.  This is my experience as I work to improve my website’s performance through trial and error.  If anyone has suggestions or recommendations to improve the performance of a self-hosted WordPress site, please post a comment.  Thank you for the help! –Mike

However, I noticed a few issues starting to creep up when the caching plugin was enabled. First off, the WordPress Admin page became very slow.  The login process could take 30 seconds or longer to complete.  Additionally, some of the images would show as broken links or be incorrectly sized until the page was refreshed.  I know some of this is fixable by

  1. Disabling the Object Cache
  2. Locating and moving some of the Java out of the minify settings. I would need to test and find the exact Java files that are causing the issue.
  3. Change the .JS loading to blocking.

The last thing I ran into was build errors related to the CSS/JS cache. From doing some reading, these errors seem like they could safely be ignored.  However, it was bugging me.

I started to look for a new cache plugin that has been updated more recently.  I came across WP Fastest Cache. The configuration of WP Fastest Cache is a snap to set up.  I placed check marks in all the available options listed in their settings’ tab.  That’s it.  Done. I waited for 24-hours before completing a set of tests.

Configuration changes from the original baseline.

  • Added basic SSL encryption: I used the .htaccess file to urge all sessions to connect over SSL.
  • Replaced the blog theme to Nisarg from Poseidon
  • Add plugin Redirection of help eliminate some old 404 errors when pages have been renamed
  • Stopped using CloudFlare as a CDN until I have a chance to configure it for SSL. For now, I will use Photon that is part of Jetpack as an image CDN.
  • Replaced the cache plugin

Results from Pingdom

Grade: 84
Requests: 31
Load Time: 1.08s
Page Size: 637.4kB

I would say that the plugin is working very well.  While the load time is 19% slower than my earlier results, the total size increased by 38%, and everything is now being delivered over SSL.  This adds more overhead and time for the site to load.  I have detected no performance issues, errors, or layout problems.

What more could I ask 🙂

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Improved Self-Hosted WordPress Performance

Improved Self-Hosted WordPress Performance

My self-hosted WordPress website was slow. Google Analytics Site Speed showed page load times fluctuating from 8 to over 15 seconds.  I know that anything over 2 seconds is bad and results in lower traffic and search engine referrals.  I have put up with this slowness for years, but now I need to address this problem.  I spent time with Google searching and reading about WordPress settings, plugins, content delivery networks (CDNs), and web host configurations that are designed to improve site performance. There are links to many of the resources I used throughout this post. Furthermore, if you are hosted with an optimized WordPress hosting service, then these steps may not be necessary because of the hosting provider’s optimization.  Please check with your hosting company.

I am not an expert, and I addressed my website’s performance problem through trial and error.  I tried many combinations of plugins and setting before locking in on the below mix.  I am NOT being compensated for this post in any way.  It is my experience, and some of this information may very well be wrong.  If anyone has suggestions or recommendations to improve the performance of a self-hosted WordPress site, please post a comment.  Thank you for the help! –Mike

Initial Page Speed Assessment for

  • Google PageSpeed Insights Score: 64/100 (D)
  • Google Analytics Site Speed: 8-15 Seconds
  • Pingdom results using the New York Test Server
    • Grade: 65/100 (D)
    • Requests: 49
    • Load time: 13.6 seconds
    • Size: 1.6Mb
    • Slower than 88% of websites
  • These are very dismal results, and it is no wonder why my site traffic has fallen badly over the last couple of years.

Final Optimization Results as of 03/23/2016 – a significant improvement in the site performance!

  • Grade: 83/100 (B)
  • Requests: 19
  • Load time: 0.914 seconds
  • Size: 460.6 kB
  • Slower than 9% of websites

What I Used
Note: the free plugin versions were used, but I believe in supporting the developers. Thanks and free press for the developers are nice gestures, but it does not pay their bills. All software takes time and serious skill to develop so buy their services & software if it is valuable to you.

Before We Begin, Backup…Backup…Backup

Anytime major changes are made to your blog, it is important to back up the site before starting.  If things go wrong, you can always restore the site. If you do not have a backup process already in place, it is simple to add.  Login into your site admin page, go to plugins, select “Add New” and search “Backup.”  Many of these backup plugins support multiple storage options, including writing the data to Google Drive, an FTP account, Amazon S3, and Azure. Please take to look them over a few seem to be shady, so taking some time with Google is in order.  I have purchased backup service through Automattic’s VaultPress, and it is working well.  Please, Please, and Please, take the time to back up your site—including the database—before continuing on with this post.

Creating a Blog’s Baseline Scores

Go to Pingdom and test your website as a baseline.  Click on “Settings” and pick a server in the “Test from” section.  Keep using the “Test from” server throughout the process.  If you are doing this over multiple days, you will want to test at roughly the same time to make sure you are comparing apples-to-apples. Once complete, visit Google’s PageSpeed Insights and complete a test. Be sure to document your results to see what changes are improving your scores. My initial scores are listed below.

  • PageSpeed Desktop Score: 64/100 (D)
  • Pingdom Grade: 65/100 (D)
    • Requests: 49
    • Load time: 13.6 seconds
    • Size: 1.6Mb
    • Slower than 88% of websites

Time for a clean-up

Review your installed plugins and deactivate and remove any plugins that you do not need or want.  Look at each plugin and think about what it will do for the performance of the site and does it help deliver your content.

Example: Page View Plugins to show most popular posts.
These write an entry to your database each time a page is loaded.  This will slow your website down, and what value does it bring to your readers?
Alternative: Use Google Analytics or the Site Stats component of Jetpack to understand your best posts.

Example: Related Posts Plugins
These are great and may help retain visitors longer.  However, many will process the data on your webserver and hit your database hard.  This slows down your website.
Alternative: Use a plugin that shifts the burden off of your site.  The Related Posts feature in Jetpack is one such plugin.

Do not have another cache or optimization plugin installed as it could conflict with the plugins that I listed in the What I Used section. Review the features included with Jetpack and disable anything you are not using.  If possible, see if you can disable any feature or option of the other plugins that are not being used.  Basically, if you are not using it, don’t enable it.  Since we are in clean-up mode, take a critical look at the widgets that are being used.  Do they serve the purpose in helping your visitors consume or find additional content?  Do they add value to the visitor’s experience or aid in establishing the blog’s authenticity?

Once complete, clear the cache from your web browser and visit your site.  Does it look right?  If so, complete another set of tests and see how your results compare.  If the site looks off, go back and enable one thing at a time until you find the feature you were looking to restore.

Are you considering changing your theme?  Now would be a great time to do it.  Once your new theme is active and the widgets set, run the tests once again.  The site is clean, and you have a solid performance baseline metrics for your WordPress site.

House Keeping (not speed related…but many people forget to do it)

Update WordPress, themes, and plugins to their latest versions.  Please do this frequently for improved security, stability, and performance. Next, we want to make sure that you have an updated SEO plugin.  The website title, description, keywords, Google Analytics tracking code, webmaster verification code, and any other headers that need to be added.  A good plugin should allow you to set your robots.txt file.  Jetpack will take care of creating a sitemap that should be submitted to Google and other search engines through their respective webmaster tools.

Plugin Overview

  1. Jetpack by Automattic
    This is a powerhouse plugin and has a ton of features to offer including an image CDN. Use Photon if your web hosting provider does not have a relationship with a CDN that comes with your service.  Media Temple uses CloudFlare as their CDN partner and a basic subscription is included with my hosting service.  This is becoming more popular, and you should check your host’s control panel.
  2. WP Smush
    Images can represent a huge slowdown for websites. WP Smush optimizes your images as you add them to your media center in WordPress.  Additionally, it can optimize your images already in your blog in batches.  This can take time, and you must stay on the page to do it.  Do not skip this step!
  3. W3 Total Cache
    This is a great caching plugin. It will create static HTML files for your website.  These files are much faster to deliver than the PHP files that WordPress uses.  Additionally, this plugin will update these static files as you make new posts or when they need to be refreshed because of age.  The plugin will require some configuration, but it is well worth it.  There was some concern regarding the continued active development of this plugin.  WordPress Tavern did a nice write-up on its status.

Setup Details

Jetpack by Automattic
Install and activate the plugin.  This is straight forward.  I disabled the following features: beautiful math, carousel, comments, Gravatar, JSON, Likes, Markdown, Monitor, Photon, Post by Email, Single Sign On, Site Verification, Galleries, VideoPress, and Data backup.  I use Disqus as my comment system, so I use the Disqus Conditional Load plugin. If you do not have a CDN that comes with your web hosting services, then you should enable Photon.

WP Smush by WPMU Dev
Install and activate the plugin. From the plugin page under WP Smush, click on “Settings.” Place a check mark in “Smush images on upload” and then “Save Changes.” Next, under “Smush in Bulk,” press “Bulk Smush Now” until all of your prior images have been optimized. This will take a while based on how many images are in the media library.  The free version limits it to 50 images per press.  I pressed “Bulk Smush Now” a lot… Once complete, I averaged a 20% reduction across my entire media library.

W3 Total Cache by Frederick Townes
Before installing this plugin, open another browser window in Incognito or InPrivate mode. Then go to your blog’s home page in that private window. Once you are at your home page in the private browsing window, Right Click on the page and view the page source code. In Google Chrome, the option is “View page source.” In Microsoft Edge, this option is “View Source.”  You will need this code window later so do not close it.

NOTE: If you use the mobile theme that is part of Jetpack or WP Touch, then your desktop users may see mobile versions of pages.  Some additional steps are required to address this issue.  I am working on these steps and will do a separate post once it is complete. One quick option is to disable the Jetpack mobile theme support and see how your theme looks on your mobile phone.  Many newer themes work great.  Another workaround is to make a few changes. These are temporary workarounds, and I know it.

Now, move back to your main browser window that is logged into the WordPress admin page.  Go to plugins and install/activate W3 Total Cache. I did not have to reset any security permissions as they were all set correctly way by default. There is an excellent setup guide completed by Ahmad Awais, and I do not believe in reinventing the wheel.  The Guide is broken into a few parts and takes you through all the key configuration steps.

Our option configurations were very close.  We diverged in the advanced minify area.  The options I used are listed below.  You should test both methods (Ahmad Awais first) to see what works best for your site.  This includes speed and functionality.

Minify Details Page (Performance | Minify)


  • Line break removal: Enable


  • Minify for all three options and select Embed type: “Non-blocking using async”

This is where it starts getting more complex. I went back to the other browser window where I have the code for the web page displayed. I then searched through that code to find all the Java files. There are three sections where these files will typically live. You will need to look closely, but find file names ending in “.js” after the <head> and before </head>, after the <body> tag but close to it, and before the closing </body> tag. In looking through the View Source and using the search function, it is pretty easy to find all the files that end with “.js”. Please be aware that some of these files will have parameters after the .js that begin with a “?”. Please see the below screenshot for what some of my entries look like. You need to be sure to group the Java files in the correct section and in the same order as what was listed in the View Source. It is not hard to look through the page source and find these files. You may want to view the source on some of the other pages and posts to see if the Java files are used consistently throughout the site. If not, you can specify the Java files by template page type. In my particular case, all “.JS” files were consistent across the different page and post types, so I was able to apply them to “All Templates”.

W3_Total_Cache_JS_SectionClick image for a larger view


I specified the .css files in the same way as I did for the Java files above.

W3_Total_Cache_CSS_SectionClick image for a larger view

Even though my screenshots only include a few files listed, I had 16 Java files and 8 CSS files.

Wrapping It All up and Publishing

I then “Saved all settings” and went to the Dashboard underneath Performance. If you have not done so already, deploy your configuration. If you have already saved this configuration, you will simply need to empty all caches. At this point, I opened up another browser in incognito mode, emptied its temporary files, and thoroughly tested the site. I was not able to detect any visual or functional anomalies for my site. I tested search, navigation, links, comment forms, and the feedback form. I logged in and out of the admin portal several times, and everything worked as it should.

Retesting to Assess the Results

I performed new PageSpeed Insights and Pingdom test.  The results were phenomenal. The improvement was dramatic, and I was shocked at how fast I could navigate the site after the cache was seeded.

  • Grade: 83/100 (B)
  • Requests: 19
  • Load time: 0.914 seconds
  • Size: 460.6 kB
  • Slower than 9% of websites

Furthermore, take a look at my server load below. I use a shared hosting platform so GPUs represent an allocation of CPU resources. Can you tell when I deployed the cache?


After this was completed, I enabled the content delivery network, CloudFlare, that comes with my hosting provider. My performance decreased slightly but that CDN offers several advantages, including greater website security. For now, I am leaving the CDN enabled and seeing how it performs over time. Currently, it is reducing server bandwidth by 20%. I will spend some time tweaking its configuration to figure out how to get the best performance out of it.

I hope this information helps, and please let me know if you have other tips or alternative configuration settings that produce better results.

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Cloud Providers Should be Upset

Cloud Providers Should be Upset

Today, I was just speaking with a colleague about one of the “victims” of the NSA data “scandal.”  It is the cloud providers.  All of these cloud-based providers have got to be ‘just thrilled’ with the negative publicity online services are currently receiving with this concern over privacy and government monitoring.

I will be honest; it is made me even a little more cautious about my review and selection of cloud and SaaS providers because I too am concerned about where my data resides and who can access it.  I will not just allow corporate or my personal information to go anywhere that I do not know who can gain access to it.  Do I have anything to hide?  Of course not.  However, that does not negate my duty to my company and family to ensure that our privacy is respected.

If I was a cloud service provider, I would feel more than a little uncomfortable in the current situation, and I think the cloud industry will be set back a little by this affair.  After all, it is raised the ugly specter of “is my information secure” in the cloud or other online environment. That will take a little while for people to regain their comfort level.  On the upside, encryption should be making some nice gains as more companies look to encrypt their cloud environments for added security.

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Continuing on…The Internet Never Forgets

Continuing on…The Internet Never Forgets

The other day I was ranting about privacy in the digital age. The public does not fully comprehend the potential positive or negative impact of cloud services on their lives; how the information they choose to share and store inside of those systems lives and dies; or how a data breach will affect their personal privacy. However, that is only part of the equation since it deals with a failure inside of one of these commercial entities. And let’s be honest about the situation here; these entities rarely screw up so the breach is usually in the form on an outside attack against them. Frankly, with how few breaches occur each year, I see it as a testament to their dedication and professionalism in treating their customers’ information with respect and a security-focused mindset.

More often than not, we do it to ourselves. We expose our own information to public scrutiny without hackers or bugs in the code. We breach our privacy by posting “dumb” things online. Usually in an agitated state, or inebriated one, but rarely with a clear mindset. It is so easy with modern smartphone technology and computers/tablets everywhere to post any and every thought online in a mere moment. Much like the words we speak, something posted online can never be really retracted.

Having an argument with a family member, friend, or coworker? Seriously think about the consequences before you lash out in a quick twitter or Facebook post. In a lapse of good judgment, let us say you do actually post something that is highly critical of a coworker, management, the company, or releases confidential information, what should the company do about it? Is it unreasonable to expect serious disciplinary action?

It is no secret that employers will check on-line profiles of potential candidates, and it is not uncommon for them to complete other reviews on a periodic basis and around promotions to make sure, employees are living up to all company guidelines and expectations. Do you really want to promote someone who does not represent the values of the organization with their highly questionable digital activity? Yes, people will invariably say that personal life and professional life are distinct and should not affect each other. I think that is a Utopian view that is not reality, and everyone should presume that their bosses are reading most of their on-line social media communications. No, I do not think that management is reading employees’ Twitter and Facebook feeds regularly. Who has the time? But would you really want to risk your next promotion on it? This is an area that some serious common sense needs to be exercised by everyone.

People need to present their public social media life in the way they would like their managers to see and experience it. Remember by lashing out in a discourteous/unprofessional manner at people or topics on-line, they may be hurting their career to a far greater degree than they even begin to realize.

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Everything Needs Maintenance, Even a Blog

Everything Needs Maintenance, Even a Blog

It is been my general experience that many auto mechanics typically have cars that run in less than ideal condition. IT professionals often have computers and websites that are similarly plagued with less than ideal configuration and are sorely in need of maintenance. As it goes with mechanics, so it goes with IT. We spend all day working on computers, and then we have to go home and work on them some more…really?!? This is not exactly what I call a high priority in the grand scheme of things.

The result: many IT people end up with personal sites and projects that tend not to be updated as often as needed or even to the level we recommend our clients to maintain. It is ironic, but understandable if you are in this field. You spend all day working on client web projects, and you really want to go home and install the latest security patches on your own server/site? However, neglecting the regular maintenance will catch up with us eventually and create greater problems that we do not really have the time to resolve.

For example, I was a couple of releases behind WordPress and about five releases behind my blog theme. I finally took some time to patch my server, install the latest version of WordPress, update on my plug-ins, and install the latest release of my site’s theme. The result was a nicely updated WordPress site that did not function properly. But heck, I was fully patched and as secured as I can reasonably make the site. That is a plus right? The few pages that would load seemed to load a little faster than normal, but I had to start the long process of fixing everything that was been broken.

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Saying Good-Bye to Some Old Apps

Saying Good-Bye to Some Old Apps

All good things must come to an end so goes the saying. And with the recent scheduled shutdown of Google’s Reader service, my mind goes back to a couple of my other favorite Internet services.

For instance, does PointCast‘s ring a bell? This was one of the first, or maybe even the first, push-based content services. What was that, 20 years ago…I loved the fact that it pushed news and information to me through a simple application interface and came with a great screensaver. The company could have been sold for a huge sum of money, but ultimately, it was not enough for the ownership.  They held on too long, and if memory serves, it was sold for only a fraction of what the highest offer once was.

Google is in the process of killing another of my favorite services.  iGoogle has to be one of the best home pages out there.  I found it to be a great service for holding everything from bookmarks to RSS feeds.  There were widgets of every possible combination that can be plugged into the page.  It loaded insanely quick and enabled me to access the same content information from any browser on any computer.  When the service finally dies at the end of the year, I will greatly miss it.  Netvibes is the closest replacement I have been able to find.

Even a few years back, Microsoft bought a company that offered an application that indexed your Outlook email.  It had a great search syntax and user interface.  Evidently, the technology was to be integrated in a future version of Outlook, but nothing Microsoft has released has come close to the ease-of-use and accuracy of that Outlook add-in.  I must be getting rather old because I cannot even remember the name of the application anymore.

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Return of the Revenge of the Profiles

Return of the Revenge of the Profiles

I recently wrote about the irritation in maintaining various Internet profiles.  All these accounts that we create on all these Web services…each with a unique user profile that is a royal pain to maintain.  I went through and cleaned up most of my profiles after a recent promotion.  Since then, I went through to make a final edit and noticed just how many are tying themselves to Facebook for authentication.  Really, Facebook.

Look at how many Web services we use daily that can be authenticated against a Facebook account. Facebook is quickly coming the de facto real ID. This is a mixed blessing.  It drastically simplifies profile management and maintaining multiple passwords, but it does mean that it is more challenging to separate a personal Internet identity from a professional Internet identity.

I do believe that is completely reasonable to have a professional and personal Internet identity.  I never advocate having anything online that you would not feel comfortable having your boss look at, but I also understand that my weekend photos from San Francisco that my family might be interested in are not relevant to my professional identity.

So here we stand with two distinct Internet identities that are quickly becoming unified. For better or for worse we must accept this fact and deal with it the best that we can. What is this mean? Simply, we pulled back a little on the personal side for the sake of the professional side.  A little sad, but I do not see any alternative.  Do you?